How To Know If You're Being DDoSed

What is DDoS?

DDoS is a short form for Distributed Denial-of-Service. As the phrase suggests it cripples the internet service through a distribution of certain data traffic. Further reading: What is DDoS – Distributed Denial of Service?

How Do DDoS Attack?

DDoS attacks do not occur in a uniformed manner but most commonly traffic of DDoS come from multiple choices.  It can come from army of hundreds of devices such as webcams, routers and thermostats.  These devices are called a botnet – defined as a collection of devices connected through the internet,  and being controlled by a common type of malware developed by smart hackers.

Of late DDoS attacks are becoming more frequent than ever.  Some cases are tremendously huge and widespread such as the attack on Dyn, the domain name system (DNS) infrastructure provider. Many are smaller cases but the trend is going north.

How To Identify a DDoS Attack?

DDoS is actually a form of malware, but it is not easy and even confusing to even identify it.  The spike in traffic can look as legitimate and nothing wrong or fishy about it.  But it also possible to be the real DDoS attack.  However, as a general rule you can tell the difference by the length of time of interruption in service.  If it is just a glitch during a campaign then in general there should be nothing to worry about, but a DDoS effort would normally creeps slowly and take longer time to a few days.  This is when you should be looking seriously into what has gone wrong.

There are also other ways to know if you are being the prime target of this vicious malware.  Time to Live (TTL) means the control of the amount of time that data stays on a computer and removing data when passing the time interval.  The malware will keep querying data when TTL has lapsed for a long time.  It’s  time to start worrying about a DDoS has taken place already.

How To Protect From DDoS Attack?

There are ways to protect yourself from being infected by DDoS.  Here are the most important measures that you could take.

Be Aware

As the greatest precaution, as with other real life attacks, please be vigilant and beware of abnormal activities that has taken place within your network.  There might be a DDos initiative starting to creep up, or for that matter any other virus and malwares!

Have High Capacity

Make sure your network is able to sustain heavy load and have capacity to perform, especially during spikes.

Have Regular Drill Runs

Be ever ready to fight this malware if you’ve been attack.  Periodic drill runs with all the affected personnel will help. Also read: Networkworld.com | Four ways to defend against DDoS attacks

With more and more usage of the internet now a DDoS attack could be just sitting by your doorstep!

So, be extra cautious is the key to ensure safety.

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